## Probability Problems Involving Cards

A♥ | A♦ | A♣ | A♠ |

2♥ | 2♦ | 2♣ | 2♠ |

3♥ | 3♦ | 3♣ | 3♠ |

4♥ | 4♦ | 4♣ | 4♠ |

5♥ | 5♦ | 5♣ | 5♠ |

6♥ | 6♦ | 6♣ | 6♠ |

7♥ | 7♦ | 7♣ | 7♠ |

8♥ | 8♦ | 8♣ | 8♠ |

9♥ | 9♦ | 9♣ | 9♠ |

10♥ | 10♦ | 10♣ | 10♠ |

J♥ | J♦ | J♣ | J♠ |

Q♥ | Q♦ | Q♣ | Q♠ |

K♥ | K♦ | K♣ | K♠ |

## Probability

**Probability**

For outcomes that are equally likely to occur:

If the probability of an event to happen is *p* and the probability for it to fail is *q*, then

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## Permutation Problems - 01

**Problem**

In how many ways can the letters of the word MATHALINO be arranged if the vowels are to come together?

**Problem**

In how many ways can the letters of the word MATHEMATICS be arranged if the consonants are to come together?

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## Sets

**Definition**

A **set** is a collection of explicitly-defined distinct *elements*.

**Elements of a Set**

If 2, 4, 6, 8 are elements of *A*, we can then write

or it can be written using the **set-builder** notation

read as "*A* is the set of all *x* such that *x* is an even digit".

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## Counting Techniques

**Fundamental Principle of Counting**

If event *E*_{1} can have *n*_{1} different outcomes, event *E*_{2} can have *n*_{2} different outcomes, ..., and event *E _{m}* can have

*n*different outcomes, then it follows that the number of possible outcomes in which composite events

_{m}*E*

_{1},

*E*

_{2}, ...,

*E*can have is

_{m}*n*

_{1}×

*n*

_{2}× ... ×

*n*

_{m}We call this *The Multiplication Principle*.

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## Number of Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineers and Their Average Ages

**Problem**

In an organization there are CE’s, EE’s and ME’s. The sum of their ages is 2160; the average age is 36; the average age of CE’s and EE’s is 39; the average age of EE’s and ME’s is 32 and 8/11; the average age of the CE’s and ME’s is 36 and 2/3. If each CE had been 1 year older, each EE 6 years and each ME 7 years older, their average age would have been greater by 5 years. Find the number of CE, EE, and ME in the group and their average ages.

## Quiz: Random Problems Set 5

Similar to some of our previous quizzes, you can only take this quiz once. Depending on your goal, you can take the problems seriously or you can take it just for fun. Either way, just enjoy!

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## A tank is supplied by two pipes A and B and emptied by a third pipe C

**Situation**

A tank is supplied by two pipes *A* and *B* and emptied by a third pipe *C*. If the tank is initially empty and all pipes are opened, the tank can be filled in 20 hours. If the tank is initially full and *A* and *C* are opened, the tank can be emptied in 4 hours. If the tank is initially full and *B* and *C* are opened, the tank can be emptied in 2 hours. Pipe *A* supplies 50 liters per minute more than *B*.

1. Find the rate of pipe *A* in liters per minute.

A. 120 | C. 110 |

B. 130 | D. 140 |

2. Find the rate of pipe *C* in liters per minute.

A. 170 | C. 150 |

B. 160 | D. 140 |

3. Find the capacity of the tank in liters.

A. 12,000 | C. 11,500 |

B. 12,500 | D. 13,000 |