**Problem 437**

The center panel of the truss in Figure P-437 contains two flexible cables. What load P will cause a compressive force of 20 kN in BD? Then determine which tension diagonal BE or CD is acting and the force in it.

**Solution 437**

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Without the counter diagonals (in reference to the figure below)

$\Sigma F_v = \frac{2}{3}P - P = -\frac{1}{3}P$

$\Sigma F_v = \frac{1}{3}P ~ \text{downward}$

Upward force is needed to put the downward P/3 into equilibrium. The vertical component of a diagonal will provide the equilibrant force. Since the needed equilibrant is upward, BE will be in compression, thus, redundant. The acting member (diagonal in tension) therefore is CD.

$\Sigma M_C = 0$

$\frac{2}{3}P(L) = 20L$

$\frac{2}{3}P = 20$

$P = 30 ~ \text{kN}$ *answer*

$\Sigma F_V = 0$

$F_{CD} \sin 45^\circ + \frac{2}{3}P = P$

$F_{CD} \sin 45^\circ = \frac{1}{3}P$

$F_{CD} \sin 45^\circ = \frac{1}{3}(30)$

$F_{CD} = 10\sqrt{2} ~ \text{kN} = 14.14 ~ \text{kN}$ *answer*