Solution to Problem 257 Statically Indeterminate

Problem 257
Three bars AB, AC, and AD are pinned together as shown in Fig. P-257. Initially, the assembly is stress free. Horizontal movement of the joint at A is prevented by a short horizontal strut AE. Calculate the stress in each bar and the force in the strut AE when the assembly is used to support the load W = 10 kips. For each steel bar, A = 0.3 in.2 and E = 29 × 106 psi. For the aluminum bar, A = 0.6 in.2 and E = 10 × 106 psi.

Figure 257


Solution 257



Question: Why did the FBD for deformations create right triangles? And why are the right angles located opposite to the deformation of aluminum? I would be grateful if there is a conceptual explanation about how the FBD has come up to that. Thanks!