Time rates: hot air balloon rising straight up

Palarao Jeffrey's picture

a hot air balloon rising straight up from a level field is track by a range finder 500ft from the point of lift off. At the moment the lift finder's elevation is 45 degrees, the angle is increasing at the rate of 0.14 rad/min. How fast is the balloon rising/

Alexander's picture

tan theta = y/500
sec2 theta dtheta/dt = (1/500) dy/dt

When theta = 45 degrees
(1/cos2 45)(0.14) = (1/500) dy/dt
dy/dt = 140 ft/min

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