## Length of one side for maximum area of trapezoid (solution by Calculus)

Problem
BC of trapezoid ABCD is tangent at any point on circular arc DE whose center is O. Find the length of BC so that the area of ABCD is maximum. Solution
As described by Alexander Bogomolny of cut-the-knot.org, for maximum area of trapezoid, the point of tangency should be at the midline of AB and DC, thus H is the midpoint of BC. ## 41 - 42 Maxima and Minima Problems Involving Trapezoidal Gutter

Problem 41
In Problem 39, if the strip is L in. wide, and the width across the top is T in. (T < L), what base width gives the maximum capacity?

Problem 42
From a strip of tin 14 inches a trapezoidal gutter is to be made by bending up the sides at an angle of 45°. Find the width of the base for greatest carrying capacity.

## 38 - 40 Solved problems in maxima and minima

Problem 38
A cylindrical glass jar has a plastic top. If the plastic is half as expensive as glass, per unit area, find the most economical proportion of the jar.

Problem 39 A trapezoidal gutter is to be made from a strip of tin by bending up the edges. If the cross-section has the form shown in Fig. 38, what width across the top gives maximum carrying capacity?

Problem 40
Solve Ex. 39, if the strip is 11 inches wide and the base is 7 inches wide.

## Length of one side for maximum area of trapezoid (Solution by Geometry)

Problem
BC of trapezoid ABCD is tangent at any point on circular arc DE whose center is O. Find the length of BC so that the area of ABCD is maximum. ## Trapezoidal Strip of Land from a Triangular Lot

Problem
A strip of 640 m2 is sold from a triangular field whose sides are 96 m, 72 m, and 80 m. The strip is of uniform width h and has one of its sides parallel to the longest side of the field. Find the width of the strip.

A. 7.1 m
B. 8.1 m
C. 8.7 m
D. 7.7 m

02 Trapezoidal lot segregated from triangular land Jhun Vert Fri, 05/01/2020 - 11:20 am

Situation
A triangular lot ABC have side BC = 400 m and angle B = 50°. The lot is to be segregated by a dividing line DE parallel to BC and 150 m long. The area of segment BCDE is 50,977.4 m2.

Part 1: Calculate the area of lot ABC.
A. 62,365 m2
B. 59,319 m2
C. 57,254 m2
D. 76.325 m2

Part 2: Calculate the area of lot ADE.
A. 8,342 m2
B. 14,475 m2
C. 6,569 m2
D. 11,546 m2

Part 3: Calculate the value of angle C
A. 57°
B. 42°
C. 63°
D. 68°

Quadrilateral is a polygon of four sides and four vertices. It is also called tetragon and quadrangle. For triangles, the sum of the interior angles is 180°, for quadrilaterals the sum of the interior angles is always equal to 360°

$A + B + C + D = 360^\circ$ 