# bronze

## Solution to Problem 350 | Helical Springs

**Problem 350**

As shown in Fig. P-350, a homogeneous 50-kg rigid block is suspended by the three springs whose lower ends were originally at the same level. Each steel spring has 24 turns of 10-mm-diameter on a mean diameter of 100 mm, and *G* = 83 GPa. The bronze spring has 48 turns of 20-mm-diameter wire on a mean diameter of 150 mm, and *G* = 42 GPa. Compute the maximum shearing stress in each spring using Eq. (3-9).

## Solution to Problem 319 Torsion

**Problem 319**

The compound shaft shown in Fig. P-319 is attached to rigid supports. For the bronze segment AB, the diameter is 75 mm, τ ≤ 60 MPa, and G = 35 GPa. For the steel segment BC, the diameter is 50 mm, τ ≤ 80 MPa, and G = 83 GPa. If a = 2 m and b = 1.5 m, compute the maximum torque T that can be applied.

## Solution to Problem 272 Thermal Stress

**Problem 272**

For the assembly in Fig. 271, find the stress in each rod if the temperature rises 30°C after a load W = 120 kN is applied.

## Solution to Problem 271 Thermal Stress

**Problem 271**

A rigid bar of negligible weight is supported as shown in Fig. P-271. If W = 80 kN, compute the temperature change that will cause the stress in the steel rod to be 55 MPa. Assume the coefficients of linear expansion are 11.7 µm/(m·°C) for steel and 18.9 µm/(m·°C) for bronze.

## Solution to Problem 270 Thermal Stress

**Problem 270**

A bronze sleeve is slipped over a steel bolt and held in place by a nut that is turned to produce an initial stress of 2000 psi in the bronze. For the steel bolt, A = 0.75 in^{2}, E = 29 × 10^{6} psi, and α = 6.5 × 10^{-6} in/(in·°F). For the bronze sleeve, A = 1.5 in^{2}, E = 12 × 10^{6} psi and α = 10.5 × 10^{-6} in/(in·°F). After a temperature rise of 100°F, find the final stress in each material.

## Solution to Problem 265 Thermal Stress

**Problem 265**

A bronze bar 3 m long with a cross sectional area of 320 mm^{2} is placed between two rigid walls as shown in Fig. P-265. At a temperature of -20°C, the gap Δ = 2.5 mm. Find the temperature at which the compressive stress in the bar will be 35 MPa. Use α = 18.0 × 10^{-6} m/(m·°C) and E = 80 GPa.

## Solution to Problem 256 Statically Indeterminate

**Problem 256**

Three rods, each of area 250 mm^{2}, jointly support a 7.5 kN load, as shown in Fig. P-256. Assuming that there was no slack or stress in the rods before the load was applied, find the stress in each rod. Use E_{st} = 200 GPa and E_{br} = 83 GPa.

## Solution to Problem 254 Statically Indeterminate

**Problem 254**

As shown in Fig. P-254, a rigid bar with negligible mass is pinned at O and attached to two vertical rods. Assuming that the rods were initially stress-free, what maximum load P can be applied without exceeding stresses of 150 MPa in the steel rod and 70 MPa in the bronze rod.

## Solution to Problem 253 Statically Indeterminate

**Problem 253**

As shown in Fig. P-253, a rigid beam with negligible weight is pinned at one end and attached to two vertical rods. The beam was initially horizontal before the load W = 50 kips was applied. Find the vertical movement of W.