## Spacing of Rivets or Bolts in Built-Up Beams

When two or more thin layers of beams are fastened together with a bolt or a rivet so that they act as a unit to gain more strength, it is necessary to design the to size or spacing of these bolts or rivets so that it can carry the shearing force acting between each adjacent layers.

## Solution to Problem 332 | Flanged bolt couplings

Problem 332
In a rivet group subjected to a twisting couple T, show that the torsion formula τ = Tρ/J can be used to find the shearing stress τ at the center of any rivet. Let J = ΣAρ2, where A is the area of a rivet at the radial distance ρ from the centroid of the rivet group.

## Solution to Problem 130 Bearing Stress

Problem 130
Figure P-130 shows a roof truss and the detail of the riveted connection at joint B. Using allowable stresses of τ = 70 MPa and σb= 140 MPa, how many 19-mm-diameter rivets are required to fasten member BC to the gusset plate? Member BE? What is the largest average tensile or compressive stress in BC and BE?  ## Solution to Problem 128 Bearing Stress

Problem 128 A W18 × 86 beam is riveted to a W24 × 117 girder by a connection similar to that in Fig. 1-13. The diameter of the rivets is 7/8 in., and the angles are each L4 × 3-1/2 × 3/8 in.. For each rivet, assume that the allowable stresses are τ = 15 ksi and σb = 32 ksi. Find the allowable load on the connection.

## Solution to Problem 126 Bearing Stress

Problem 126
The lap joint shown in Fig. P-126 is fastened by four ¾-in.-diameter rivets. Calculate the maximum safe load P that can be applied if the shearing stress in the rivets is limited to 14 ksi and the bearing stress in the plates is limited to 18 ksi. Assume the applied load is uniformly distributed among the four rivets. ## Solution to Problem 125 Bearing Stress

Problem 125
In Fig. 1-12, assume that a 20-mm-diameter rivet joins the plates that are each 110 mm wide. The allowable stresses are 120 MPa for bearing in the plate material and 60 MPa for shearing of rivet. Determine (a) the minimum thickness of each plate; and (b) the largest average tensile stress in the plates. 