# Theory of Structures

**Situation**

The total length of the beam shown below is 10 m and the uniform load $w_o$ is equal to 15 kN/m.

1. What is the moment at midspan if *x* = 2 m?

A. 37.5 kN·m | C. -187.5 kN·m |

B. -37.5 kN·m | D. 187.5 kN·m |

2. Find the length of overhang *x*, so that the moment at midspan is zero.

A. 2.5 m | C. 2.4 m |

B. 2.6 m | D. 2.7 m |

3. Find the span *L* so that the maximum moment in the beam is the least possible value.

A. 5.90 m | C. 5.92 m |

B. 5.88 m | D. 5.86 m |

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**Situation**

A simply supported beam has a span of 12 m. The beam carries a total uniformly distributed load of 21.5 kN/m.**1.** To prevent excessive deflection, a support is added at midspan. Calculate the resulting moment (kN·m) at the added support.

A. 64.5 | C. 258.0 |

B. 96.8 | D. 86.0 |

**2.** Calculate the resulting maximum positive moment (kN·m) when a support is added at midspan.

A. 96.75 | C. 108.84 |

B. 54.42 | D. 77.40 |

**3.** Calculate the reaction (kN) at the added support.

A. 48.38 | C. 161.2 |

B. 96.75 | D. 80.62 |

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**Situation**

A cantilever beam, 3.5 m long, carries a concentrated load, *P*, at mid-length.

**Given:**

*P*= 200 kN

Beam Modulus of Elasticity,

*E*= 200 GPa

Beam Moment of Inertia,

*I*= 60.8 × 10

^{6}mm

^{4}

**1.** How much is the deflection (mm) at mid-length?

A. 1.84 | C. 23.50 |

B. 29.40 | D. 14.70 |

**2.** What force (kN) should be applied at the free end to prevent deflection?

A. 7.8 | C. 62.5 |

B. 41.7 | D. 100.0 |

**3.** To limit the deflection at mid-length to 9.5 mm, how much force (kN) should be applied at the free end?

A. 54.1 | C. 129.3 |

B. 76.8 | D. 64.7 |

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**Situation**

A simply supported steel beam spans 9 m. It carries a uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m, beam weight already included.

**Given Beam Properties:**

Area = 8,530 mm

^{2}

Depth = 306 mm

Flange Width = 204 mm

Flange Thickness = 14.6 mm

Moment of Inertia,

*I*= 145 × 10

_{x}^{6}mm

^{4}

Modulus of Elasticity,

*E*= 200 GPa

1. What is the maximum flexural stress (MPa) in the beam?

A. 107 | C. 142 |

B. 54 | D. 71 |

2. To prevent excessive deflection, the beam is propped at midspan using a pipe column. Find the resulting axial stress (MPa) in the column

**Given Column Properties:**

Outside Diameter = 200 mm

Thickness = 10 mm

Height = 4 m

A. 4.7 | C. 18.8 |

B. 9.4 | D. 2.8 |

3. How much is the maximum bending stress (MPa) in the propped beam?

A. 26.7 | C. 15.0 |

B. 17.8 | D. 35.6 |

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**Situation**

A beam 100 mm × 150 mm carrying a uniformly distributed load of 300 N/m rests on three supports spaced 3 m apart as shown below. The length *x* is so calculated in order that the reactions at all supports shall be the same.

1. Find *x* in meters.

A. 1.319 | C. 1.217 |

B. 1.139 | D. 1.127 |

2. Find the moment at *B* in N·m.

A. -240 | C. -242 |

B. -207 | D. -226 |

3. Calculate the reactions in Newton.

A. 843.4 | C. 863.8 |

B. 425.4 | D. 827.8 |

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**Situation**

A beam of uniform cross section whose flexural rigidity *EI* = 2.8 × 10^{11} N·mm^{2}, is placed on three supports as shown. Support *B* is at small gap Δ so that the moment at *B* is zero.

1. Calculate the reaction at *A*.

A. 4.375 kN | C. 5.437 kN |

B. 8.750 kN | D. 6.626 kN |

2. What is the reaction at *B*?

A. 4.375 kN | C. 5.437 kN |

B. 8.750 kN | D. 6.626 kN |

3. Find the value of Δ.

A. 46 mm | C. 34 mm |

B. 64 mm | D. 56 mm |

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**Situation**

The bridge truss shown in the figure is to be subjected by uniform load of 10 kN/m and a point load of 30 kN, both are moving across the bottom chord

Calculate the following:

1. The maximum axial load on member *JK*.

A. 64.59 kN | C. -64.59 kN |

B. -63.51 kN | D. 63.51 kN |

2. The maximum axial load on member *BC*.

A. 47.63 kN | C. -47.63 kN |

B. -74.88 kN | D. 74.88 kN |

3. The maximum compression force and maximum tension force on member *CG*.

A. -48.11 kN and 16.36 kN |

B. Compression = 0; Tension = 16.36 kN |

C. -16.36 kN and 48.11 kN |

D. Compression = 48.11 kN; Tension = 0 |

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