Solution to Problem 225 Biaxial Deformation Jhun Vert Mon, 04/20/2020 - 08:43 pm

Problem 225
A welded steel cylindrical drum made of a 10-mm plate has an internal diameter of 1.20 m. Compute the change in diameter that would be caused by an internal pressure of 1.5 MPa. Assume that Poisson's ratio is 0.30 and E = 200 GPa.
 

Solution to Problem 134 Pressure Vessel Jhun Vert Mon, 04/20/2020 - 04:42 pm

Problem 134
The wall thickness of a 4-ft-diameter spherical tank is 5/16 inch. Calculate the allowable internal pressure if the stress is limited to 8000 psi.
 

Solution to Problem 133 Pressure Vessel

Problem 133
A cylindrical steel pressure vessel 400 mm in diameter with a wall thickness of 20 mm, is subjected to an internal pressure of 4.5 MN/m2. (a) Calculate the tangential and longitudinal stresses in the steel. (b) To what value may the internal pressure be increased if the stress in the steel is limited to 120 MN/m2? (c) If the internal pressure were increased until the vessel burst, sketch the type of fracture that would occur.
 

Thin-walled Pressure Vessels

A tank or pipe carrying a fluid or gas under a pressure is subjected to tensile forces, which resist bursting, developed across longitudinal and transverse sections.
 

TANGENTIAL STRESS, σt (Circumferential Stress)
Consider the tank shown being subjected to an internal pressure p. The length of the tank is L and the wall thickness is t. Isolating the right half of the tank: