distance between two points

A circle has an equation of $x^2 + y^2 + 2cy = 0$. Find the value of $c$ when the length of the tangent from (5, 4) to the circle is equal to one.

A.   5 C.   3
B.   -3 D.   -5


The Polar Coordinate System

In Polar Coordinate System, the references are a fixed point and a fixed line. The fixed point is called the pole and the fixed line is called the polar axis. The location of a point is expressed according to its distance from the pole and its angle from the polar axis. The distance is denoted by r and the angle by θ.



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