Solution to Problem 599 | Spacing of Rivets or Bolts in Built-Up Beams

Problem 599
A beam is formed by bolting together two W200 × 100 sections as shown in Fig. P-599. It is used to support a uniformly distributed load of 30 kN/m (including the weight of the beam) on a simply supported span of 10 m. Compute the maximum flexural stress and the pitch between bolts that have a shearing strength of 30 kN.
 

Wide Flange on top of the other and bolted together

 

Solution to Problem 597 | Spacing of Rivets or Bolts in Built-Up Beams Jhun Vert Thu, 04/23/2020 - 01:41 pm

Problem 597
A plate and angle girder similar to that shown in Fig. 5-32 is fabricated by riveting the short legs of four 125 × 75 × 13 mm angles to a web plate 1000 mm by 10 mm to form a section 1020 mm deep. Cover plates, each 300 mm × 10 mm, are then riveted to the flange angles making the overall height 1040 mm. The moment of inertia of the entire section about the NA is I = 4770 × 106 mm4. Using the allowable stresses specified in Illustrative Problem 591, determine the rivet pitch for 22-mm rivets, attaching the angles to the web plate at a section where V = 450 kN.
 

From Illustrative Problem 591

τ = 100 MPa shear stress
σb = 220 MPa bearing stress for single shear rivet
σb = 280 MPa bearing stress for double shear rivet

 

Built-up Girder from Plate and Angles

 

Solution to Problem 596 | Spacing of Rivets or Bolts in Built-Up Beams

Problem 596
Three planks 4 in by 6 in., arranged as shown in Fig. P-596 and secured by bolts spaced 1 ft apart, are used to support a concentrated load P at the center of a simply supported span 12 ft long. If P causes a maximum flexural stress of 1200 psi, determine the bolt diameters, assuming that the shear between the planks is transmitted by friction only. The bolts are tightened to a tension of 20 ksi and the coefficient of friction between the planks is 0.40.
 

Three Planks Secured by Bolts

 

Spacing of Rivets or Bolts in Built-Up Beams Jhun Vert Tue, 04/21/2020 - 10:01 pm

When two or more thin layers of beams are fastened together with a bolt or a rivet so that they act as a unit to gain more strength, it is necessary to design the to size or spacing of these bolts or rivets so that it can carry the shearing force acting between each adjacent layers.
 

Solution to Problem 331 | Flanged bolt couplings Jhun Vert Tue, 04/21/2020 - 01:52 pm

Problem 331
A flanged bolt coupling consists of six ½-in. steel bolts evenly spaced around a bolt circle 12 in. in diameter, and four ¾-in. aluminum bolts on a concentric bolt circle 8 in. in diameter. What torque can be applied without exceeding 9000 psi in the steel or 6000 psi in the aluminum? Assume Gst = 12 × 106 psi and Gal = 4 × 106 psi.
 

Solution to Problem 330 | Flanged bolt couplings Jhun Vert Tue, 04/21/2020 - 01:46 pm

Problem 330
Determine the number of 10-mm-diameter steel bolts that must be used on the 400-mm bolt circle of the coupling described in Prob. 328 to increase the torque capacity to 14 kN·m
 

Solution to Problem 329 | Flanged bolt couplings Jhun Vert Tue, 04/21/2020 - 01:44 pm

Problem 329
A torque of 700 lb-ft is to be carried by a flanged bolt coupling that consists of eight ½-in.-diameter steel bolts on a circle of diameter 12 in. and six ½-in.-diameter steel bolts on a circle of diameter 9 in. Determine the shearing stress in the bolts.
 

Solution to Problem 328 | Flanged bolt couplings Jhun Vert Tue, 04/21/2020 - 01:35 pm

Problem 328
A flanged bolt coupling consists of eight 10-mm-diameter steel bolts on a bolt circle 400 mm in diameter, and six 10-mm-diameter steel bolts on a concentric bolt circle 300 mm in diameter, as shown in Fig. 3-7. What torque can be applied without exceeding a shearing stress of 60 MPa in the bolts?
 

328-two-circular-row-bolt.jpg