# Maxima and Minima

## 01 Rectangle of maximum perimeter inscribed in a circle

**Problem 01**

Find the shape of the rectangle of maximum perimeter inscribed in a circle.

## Maxima and Minima Using Trigonometric Functions

Many problems in application of maxima and minima may be solved easily by making use of trigonometric functions. The basic idea is the same; identify the constant terms and identify the variable to be maximized or minimized, differentiate that variable then equate to zero.

## 28-29 Time Rates: Two cars driving on roads that intersects at 60 degree

## 22-24 One car from a city starts north, another car from nearby city starts east

**Problem 22**

One city C, is 30 miles north and 35 miles east from another city, D. At noon, a car starts north from C at 40 miles per hour, at 12:10 PM, another car starts east from D at 60 miles per hour. Find when the cars will be nearest together.

## 72 - 74 Light intensity of illumination and theory of attraction

**Problem 72**

A light is to be placed above the center of a circular area of radius a. What height gives the best illumination on a circular walk surrounding the area? (When light from a point source strikes a surface obliquely, the intensity of illumination is

where θ is the angle of incidence and d the distance from the source.)

## 69 - 71 Shortest and most economical path of motorboat

**Problem 69**

A man on an island 12 miles south of a straight beach wishes to reach a point on shore 20 miles east. If a motorboat, making 20 miles per hour, can be hired at the rate of \$2.00 per hour for the time it is actually used, and the cost of land transportation is \$0.06 per mile, how much must he pay for the trip?

## 66 - 68 Maxima and minima: Pyramid inscribed in a sphere and Indian tepee

**Problem 66**

Find the largest right pyramid with a square base that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius a.

## 64 - 65 Maxima and minima: cone inscribed in a sphere and cone circumscribed about a sphere

**Problem 64**

A sphere is cut to the shape of a circular cone. How much of the material can be saved? (See Problem 63).

## 62 - 63 Maxima and minima: cylinder inscribed in a cone and cone inscribed in a sphere

**Problem 62**

Inscribe a circular cylinder of maximum convex surface area in a given circular cone.

## 60 - 61 Maxima and minima problems of a folded page

**Problem 60**

One corner of a leaf of width a is folded over so as just to reach the opposite side of the page. Find the width of the part folded over when the length of the crease is a minimum. See Figure 41.