# Mathematics, Surveying and Transportation Engineering

Algebra, Trigonometry, Statistics, Geometry, Calculus, Differential Equations, Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Economy, Surveying, Transportation Engineering

## Finding The Length Of Parabolic Curve Given Change In Grade Per Station

**Problem**

A +0.8% grade meets a -0.4% grade at km 12 + 850 with elevation 35 m. The maximum allowable change in grade per station is 0.2%. Determine the length of the curve.

A. 300 m | C. 80 m |

B. 240 m | D. 120 m |

## Find y’ if x = 2 arccos 2t and y = 4 arcsin 2t

**Problem**

Find *y’* if *x* = 2 arccos 2*t* and *y* = 4 arcsin 2*t*.

A. 2 | C. 4 |

B. -2 | D. -4 |

## Probability That A Randomly Selected Chord Exceeds The Length Of The Radius Of Circle

**Situation**

If a chord is selected at random on a fixed circle what is the probability that its length exceeds the radius of the circle?

- Assume that the distance of the chord from the center of the circle is uniformly distributed.
A. 0.5 C. 0.866 B. 0.667 D. 0.75 - Assume that the midpoint of the chord is evenly distributed over the circle.
A. 0.5 C. 0.866 B. 0.667 D. 0.75 - Assume that the end points of the chord are uniformly distributed over the circumference of the circle.
A. 0.5 C. 0.866 B. 0.667 D. 0.75

## Regular Octagon Made By Cutting Equal Triangles Out From The Corners Of A Square

**Problem**

A regular octagon is made by cutting equal isosceles right triangles out from the corners of a square of sides 16 cm. What is the length of the sides of the octagon?

A. 6.627 cm | C. 6.762 cm |

B. 6.267 cm | D. 6.276 cm |

## Time After 3:00 O'clock When The Hands Of The Clock Are Perpendicular

**Problem**

How many minutes after 3:00 o’clock will the hands of the clock be perpendicular to each other for the 1st time?

A. 35 | C. 32.73 |

B. 33.15 | D. 34.12 |

## Smallest Part From The Circle That Was Divided Into Four Parts By Perpendicular Chords

**Problem**

Divide the circle of radius 13 cm into four parts by two perpendicular chords, both 5 cm from the center. What is the area of the smallest part.

## Number of Steps in the Escalator

**Problem**

A certain businessman, who is always in a hurry, walks up an ongoing escalator at the rate of one step per second. Twenty steps bring him to the top. Next day he goes up at two steps per second, reaching the top in 32 steps. How many steps are there in the escalator?

A. 80 | C. 50 |

B. 60 | D. 70 |

## Two Gamblers Play Until One is Bankrupt: Chance That the Better Player Wins

**Problem**

Player *M* has Php1, and Player *N* has Php2. Each play gives one the players Php1 from the other. Player *M* is enough better than player *N* that he wins 2/3 of the plays. They play until one is bankrupt. What is the chance that Player *M* wins?

A. 3/4 | C. 4/7 |

B. 5/7 | D. 2/3 |

## Angle Between Two Zero-Based Vectors in XY-Plane

**Problem**

What is the angle between zero-based vectors ${\bf V_1} = (-\sqrt{3}, ~ 1)$ and ${\bf V_2} = (2\sqrt{3}, ~ 2)$ in an *x*-*y* coordinate system?

A. 0° | C. 150° |

B. 180° | D. 120° |

## Probability of Winning the Carnival Game of Tossing a Coin Into a Table

**Problem**

In a common carnival game, a player tosses a penny from a distance of about 5 feet onto the surface of a table ruled in 1-inch squares. If the penny (3/4 inch in diameter) falls entirely inside a square, the player receives 5 cents but does not get his penny back; otherwise he loses his penny. If the penny lands on the table, what is his chance to win?

A. 5/16 | C. 9/256 |

B. 1/16 | D. 3/128 |